The African Monitoring of the Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) Programme was conceived as a Pan African programme to promote the use of Earth Observation monitoring technologies in support of the development of policies in the management of the African environment and for sustainable development of natural resources.
The main objective under the AMESD IGAD is to establish operational information services, to assess land degradation and to monitor land cover changes in natural habitats and to improve policy and decision-making processes in the IGAD region. The short term goal is to build two services on limited scope that may be considered as building blocks for longer term objectives:
The key result areas for the AMESD project are;
1.Improved access by African users to existing sources of basic earth observation (EO), field and ancillary data;
2.African information services are established in support of improved decision making processes for environmental management;
3.Policy and policy development are strengthened;
4.Sufficiently trained human resources of African stakeholders.
To achieve these four results, five participating Regional Economic Communities (REC) identified Regional Thematic Actions (THEMA) to be implemented by Regional Implementation Centres (RIC).
Table 1: Various THEMA areas under AMESD in Africa.
For the IGAD region, the regional networking is as follows;
The Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) having been identified as the lead partner was tasked with coming up with the methodology and products that will be useful towards Land Degradation Mitigation (Service 1). In this regard, RCMRD deployed the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation Model (RUSLE). The objective of Service 1 is to identify the extent and severity of Land Degradation at regional and national levels and further to identify local hotspots for comprehensive assessment. The outputs from Service 1 are bi-annual maps depicting the land degradation levels and regular bulletins highlighting a number of issues that are influencing land degradation in the IGAD region.
A sample of the IGAD land degradation index map is as shown below.
Figure 1: Map depicting IGAD Actual Land Degradation status.
Visit the AMESD-IGAD Thema Website.